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Start Preamble Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Department of Health Read Full Article and Human can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland Services. Notice. In compliance with the Paperwork can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland Reduction Act of 1995, HRSA submitted an Information Collection Request (ICR) to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval. Comments submitted during the first public review of this ICR will be provided to OMB. OMB will accept further comments from the public during the can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland review and approval period.

OMB may act on HRSA's ICR only after the 30 day comment period for this notice has closed. Comments on this ICR should be received can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland no later than February 18, 2021. Written comments and recommendations for the proposed information collection should be sent within 30 days of publication of this notice to www.reginfo.gov/​public/​do/​PRAMain. Find this can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland particular information collection by selecting “Currently under Review—Open for Public Comments” or by using the search function. Start Further Info To request a copy of the clearance requests submitted to OMB for review, email Lisa Wright-Solomon, the HRSA Information Collection Clearance Officer at paperwork@hrsa.gov or call (301) 443-1984.

End Further Info End Preamble can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland Start Supplemental Information Information Collection Request Title. National Practitioner Data Bank for Adverse Information on Physicians and Other Health Care Practitioners—45 CFR Part 60 Regulations and Forms, OMB No. 0915-0126—Revision. Abstract. This is a request for OMB's approval for a revision to the information collection contained in regulations found at 45 CFR part 60 governing the National Practitioner Data Bank (NPDB) and the forms to be used in registering with, reporting information to, and requesting information from the NPDB.

Administrative forms are also included to aid in monitoring compliance with federal reporting and querying requirements. Responsibility for NPDB implementation and operation resides in HRSA's Bureau of Health Workforce. The intent of the NPDB is to improve the quality of health care by encouraging entities such as hospitals, State licensing boards, professional societies, and other eligible entities [] providing health care services to identify and discipline those who engage in unprofessional behavior, and to restrict the ability of incompetent health care practitioners, providers, or suppliers to move from state to state without disclosure or discovery of previous damaging or incompetent performance. It also serves as a fraud and abuse clearinghouse for the reporting and disclosing of certain final adverse actions (excluding settlements in which no findings of liability have been made) taken against health care practitioners, providers, or suppliers by health plans, federal agencies, and state agencies. Users of the NPDB include reporters (entities that are required to Start Printed Page 5221submit reports) and queriers (entities and individuals that are authorized to request for information).

The reporting forms, request for information forms (query forms), and administrative forms (used to monitor compliance) are accessed, completed, and submitted to the NPDB electronically through the NPDB website at https://www.npdb.hrsa.gov/​. All reporting and querying is performed through the secure portal of this website. This revision proposes changes to improve overall data integrity. In addition, this revision contains the five NPDB forms that were originally approved in. €œNPDB Attestation of Reports by Hospitals, Medical Malpractice Payers, Health Plans, and Certain Other Health Care Entities, OMB No.

0906-0028” which will be discontinued upon approval of this ICR. A 60-day notice published in the Federal Register on October 16, 2020, vol. 85, No. 201. Pp.

65834-65837. There were two public comments that addressed ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected by the NPDB. Need and Proposed Use of the Information. The NPDB acts primarily as a flagging system. Its principal purpose is to facilitate comprehensive review of practitioners' professional credentials and background.

Information is collected from, and disseminated to, eligible entities (entities that are entitled to query and/or report to the NPDB as authorized in Title 45 CFR part 60 of the Code of Federal Regulations) on the following. (1) Medical malpractice payments, (2) licensure actions taken by Boards of Medical Examiners, (3) State licensure and certification actions, (4) Federal licensure and certification actions, (5) negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation entities, (6) adverse actions taken against clinical privileges, (7) federal or state criminal convictions related to the delivery of a health care item or service, (8) civil judgments related to the delivery of a health care item or service, (9) exclusions from participation in Federal or State health care programs, and (10) other adjudicated actions or decisions. It is intended that NPDB information should be considered with other relevant information in evaluating credentials of health care practitioners, providers, and suppliers. Likely Respondents. Eligible entities or individuals that are entitled to query and/or report to the NPDB as authorized in regulations found at 45 CFR part 60.

Burden Statement. Burden in this context means the time expended by persons to generate, maintain, retain, disclose, or provide the information requested. This includes the time needed to review instructions. To develop, acquire, install, and utilize technology and systems for the purpose of collecting, validating, and verifying information, processing and maintaining information, and disclosing and providing information. To train personnel and to be able to respond to a collection of information.

To search data sources. To complete and review the collection of information. And to transmit or otherwise disclose the information. The total annual burden hours estimated for this ICR are summarized in the table below. Total Estimated Annualized Burden—HoursRegulation citationForm nameNumber of respondentsNumber of responses per respondentTotal responsesAverage burden per response (in hours)Total burden hours (rounded up)§ 60.6.

Reporting errors, omissions, revisions or whether an action is on appealCorrection, Revision-to-Action, Void, Notice of Appeal (manual)11,918111,918.252,980 Correction, Revision-to-Action, Void, Notice of Appeal (automated)18,301118,301.00035§ 60.7. Reporting medical malpractice paymentsMedical Malpractice Payment (manual)11,481111,481.758,611 Medical Malpractice Payment (automated)2961296.00031§ 60.8. Reporting licensure actions taken by Boards of Medical ExaminersState Licensure or Certification (manual)19,749119,749.7514,812§ 60.9. Reporting licensure and certification actions taken by StatesState Licensure or Certification (automated)17,189117,189.00035§ 60.10. Reporting Federal licensure and certification actionsDEA/Federal Licensure6001600.75450§ 60.11.

Reporting negative actions or findings taken by peer review organizations or private accreditation entitiesPeer Review Organization10110.758 Accreditation10110.758§ 60.12. Reporting adverse actions taken against clinical privilegesTitle IV Clinical Privileges Actions9781978.75734 Professional Society41141.7531§ 60.13. Reporting Federal or State criminal convictions related to the delivery of a health care item or serviceCriminal Conviction (Guilty Plea or Trial) (manual)1,17411,174.75881Start Printed Page 5222 Criminal Conviction (Guilty Plea or Trial) (automated)6831683.00031 Deferred Conviction or Pre-Trial Diversion70170.7553 Nolo Contendere (no contest plea)1271127.7595 Injunction10110.758§ 60.14. Reporting civil judgments related to the delivery of a health care item or serviceCivil Judgment919.757§ 60.15. Reporting exclusions from participation in Federal or State health care programsExclusion or Debarment (manual)1,70711,707.751,280 Exclusion or Debarment (automated)2,50612,506.00031§ 60.16.

Reporting other adjudicated actions or decisionsGovernment Administrative (manual)1,75011,750.751,313 Government Administrative (automated)39139.00031 Health Plan Action4881488.75366§ 60.17 Information which hospitals must request from the National Practitioner Data BankOne-Time Query for an Individual (manual)1,958,17611,958,176.08156,654 One-Time Query for an Individual (automated)3,349,77813,349,778.00031,005 One-Time Query for an Organization (manual)50,681150,681.084,054 One-Time Query for an Organization (automated)25,610125,610.00038§ 60.18 Requesting Information from the NPDBSelf-Query on an Individual168,5571168,557.4270,794 Self-Query on an Organization1,05911,059.42445 Continuous Query (manual)806,9711806,971.0864,558 Continuous Query (automated)619,0011619,001.0003186§ 60.21. How to dispute the accuracy of NPDB informationSubject Statement and Dispute3,26413,264.752,448 Request for Dispute Resolution741748592AdministrativeEntity Registration (Initial)3,48413,48413,484 Entity Registration (Renewal &. Update)13,245113,245.253,311 State Licensing Board Data Request6016010.5630 State Licensing Board Attestation32513251325 Authorized Agent Attestation35013501350 Health Center Attestation72217221722 Hospital Attestation3,41613,41613,416 Medical Malpractice Payer, Peer Review Organization, or Private Accreditation Organization Attestation27412741274 Other Eligible Entity Attestation1,88411,88411,884Start Printed Page 5223 Corrective Action Plan (Entity)10110.081 Reconciling Missing Actions1,49111,491.08119 Agent Registration (Initial)44144144 Agent Registration (Renewal &. Update)3041304.0824 Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) Authorization6441644.0852 Authorized Agent Designation1831183.2546 Account Discrepancy85185.2521 New Administrator Request6001600.0848 Purchase Query Credits1,78611786.08143 Education Request40140.083 Account Balance Transfer10110.081 Missing Report From Query Form10110.081Total7,101,2747,101,274347,294 HRSA specifically requests comments on (1) the necessity and utility of the proposed information collection for the proper performance of the agency's functions. (2) the accuracy of the estimated burden.

(3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected. And (4) the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology to minimize the information collection burden. Start Signature Maria G. Button, Director, Executive Secretariat. End Signature End Supplemental Information [FR Doc.

2021-00989 Filed 1-15-21. 8:45 am]BILLING CODE 4165-15-P.

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On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ventolin represents a public health emergency of international concern, and on January 31, 2020, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services declared it to be a health emergency for the United States.Since taking office in 2017, President Trump has laid down an extensive record on health care, does ventolin cause weight gain including his response to the asthma treatment ventolin, his early and ongoing efforts to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act, his annual budget proposals to curb spending on Medicare and Medicaid, his executive orders and other proposals to lower prescription drug prices, and his initiative on hospital price transparency.President Trump’s record on health care provides a window into his policy priorities in an area that represents one-fifth of the U.S. Economy and affects the lives of every American. A new issue brief from KFF describes the Trump Administration’s record on health care, including major proposals and actions relating to the asthma treatment ventolin, the ACA and private insurance markets, Medicaid, Medicare, prescription drugs and other health costs, sexual and reproductive health, mental health and substance use, immigration and health, long-term care, HIV/AIDS policy, does ventolin cause weight gain and LGBTQ health.The new resource is part of KFF’s ongoing efforts to provide timely and useful information about health policy issues relevant to the 2020 elections, including policy analysis, polling, and journalism.

Find more on our Election 2020 resource page, including a side-by-side comparison of President Trump’s record and Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden’s positions on key health issues..

About This TrackerThis tracker can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland provides the number of http://www.ec-rene-schickele-mutzig.ac-strasbourg.fr/2020/11/15/le-vivre-ensemble/ confirmed cases and deaths from novel asthma by country, the trend in confirmed case and death counts by country, and a global map showing which countries have confirmed cases and deaths. The data are drawn can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland from the Johns Hopkins University (JHU) asthma Resource Center’s asthma treatment Map and the World Health Organization’s (WHO) asthma Disease (asthma treatment-2019) situation reports.This tracker will be updated regularly, as new data are released.Related Content. About asthma treatment asthmaIn late 2019, a new asthma emerged in central China to cause disease in humans. Cases of this disease, can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland known as asthma treatment, have since been reported across around the globe.

On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the ventolin represents a public health emergency of international concern, and on January ventolin price per pill 31, 2020, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services declared it to be a health emergency for the United States.Since taking office in 2017, President Trump has laid down an extensive record on health care, including his response to the asthma treatment ventolin, his early and ongoing efforts to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act, his annual can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland budget proposals to curb spending on Medicare and Medicaid, his executive orders and other proposals to lower prescription drug prices, and his initiative on hospital price transparency.President Trump’s record on health care provides a window into his policy priorities in an area that represents one-fifth of the U.S. Economy and affects the lives of every American. A new issue brief from KFF describes the Trump Administration’s record on health care, including major proposals and actions relating to the asthma treatment ventolin, the ACA and private insurance markets, Medicaid, Medicare, prescription drugs and other health costs, sexual and reproductive health, mental health and substance use, immigration and health, long-term care, HIV/AIDS policy, and LGBTQ health.The new resource is part of KFF’s ongoing efforts to provide timely can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland and useful information about health policy issues relevant to the 2020 elections, including policy analysis, polling, and journalism.

Find more on our Election 2020 resource page, including a side-by-side comparison of President Trump’s record and Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden’s positions on key health issues..

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There has been increased stress, anxiety and other mental difference between salbutamol and ventolin health issues, while an estimated 365 million primary school students buy ventolin nebules online uk have gone without school meals, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the UN specialized agency handling education issues, UNESCO. Based on a set of eight global benchmarks, Global Standards for Health-promoting Schools, calls for all classrooms to promote life skills, cognitive and socioemotional skills and healthy lifestyles for learners.  WHO and @UNESCO urge countries to make every school a health-promoting school, following the Global Standards for Health-promoting Schools that aim to ensure all schools promote life skills, cognitive &. Socioemotional skills difference between salbutamol and ventolin &. Healthy lifestyles.https://t.co/qnMB3EprR8— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) June 22, 2021 “These newly launched global standards are designed to create schools that nurture education and health, and that equip students with the knowledge and skills for their future health and well-being, employability and life prospects”, said WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.  Linking schools and health Clear evidence shows that comprehensive health and nutrition programmes in schools, have significant impacts among students.  “Schools play a vital role in the well-being of students, families and their communities, and the link between education and health has never been more evident”, Tedros added.

The new standards, which will be piloted in Botswana, difference between salbutamol and ventolin Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya and Paraguay, contribute to WHO’s target of making one billion people healthier by 2023 and the global Education 2030 Agenda coordinated by UNESCO.  “Education and health are interdependent basic human rights for all, at the core of any human right, and essential to social and economic development”, said UNESCO Director General, Audrey Azouley.  Making the case School health and nutrition interventions in low-income areas where impediments such as parasitic worms or anemia are prevalent, can lead to 2.5 years of additional schooling, according to the UN agencies. Moreover, malaria prevention interventions can result in a 62 per cent reduction in absenteeism. Nutritious school meals upped enrolment rates by nine per cent, and difference between salbutamol and ventolin attendance by eight per cent on average. And free screening and eyeglasses have raised the probability of students passing standardized reading and math tests by five per cent.

And promoting handwashing has cut difference between salbutamol and ventolin gastrointestinal and respiratory illnesses between 21 and 61 per cent in low income countries, resulting in fewer absentees. “A school that is not health-promoting is no longer justifiable and acceptable”, said Ms. Azouley.  Promote health in schools Comprehensive sex education encourages healthier behaviour, promotes sexual and reproductive health and rights, and improves outcomes such as a reduction in HIV difference between salbutamol and ventolin and adolescent pregnancies, WHO and UNESCO said. A school that is not health-promoting is no longer justifiable and acceptable -- UNESCO chiefBy enhancing water and sanitation (WASH) services and supplies in school, as well as educating on menstrual hygiene, girls can maintain themselves with dignity and may even miss less school while menstruating.

€œI call for all of us to affirm our commitment and role, to make every difference between salbutamol and ventolin school a health-promoting school”, underscored the UNESCO chief. Upping the standards The Health Promoting Schools approach was introduced by WHO, UNESCO and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in 1995 and adopted in over 90 countries and territories.  However, only a small number of countries have implemented it at scale, and even fewer have effectively adapted their education systems to include health promotion. The facility will allow manufacturers from developing countries to receive training in how to produce treatments, and the relevant licenses to do so, as part of global efforts to scale-up access to lifesaving treatments. treatment inequity has demonstrated that in a crisis, low-income countries can't rely on treatment-producing countries to supply their needs.Delighted to announce with my brother President difference between salbutamol and ventolin @CyrilRamaphosa, that we're in discussions to establish a technology transfer hub in 🇿🇦. Https://t.co/D8xL6fU5xU pic.twitter.com/ikVNUGVz9h— Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus (@DrTedros) June 21, 2021 The development follows WHO’s call in April for public and private companies to express their interest in creating technology transfer hubs so that low and middle-income countries could meet their urgent need for treatments, amid critical shortages.

€˜A key moment’ “Today’s announcement is a great step forward for South Africa, and for the difference between salbutamol and ventolin world. I hope this will be a key moment for increasing production capacity in Africa for asthma treatments, but also for future treatments”, said WHO chief Tedros Adhamon Ghebreyesus, speaking during his bi-weekly media briefing from Geneva. Messenger RNA, or mRNA technology, instructs cells to make a difference between salbutamol and ventolin protein that generates an immune response in the body, thus producing the antibodies that provide protection against a disease. It is the basis for the Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna asthma treatments being used by governments worldwide, and in the UN-supported COVAX global treatment solidarity initiative.

"It’s potentially easier to scale than other treatment technologies and could be faster difference between salbutamol and ventolin and easier to adapt to variants of concern", Tedros said.The South African consortium involves a biotech company called Afrigen Biologics and treatments, which will act as the hub by manufacturing mRNA treatments and providing training to another manufacturer called Biovac. WHO’s role includes establishing the criteria for the technology transfer, assessing applications and developing standards, while the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, will provide guidance through the Partnership for African treatments Manufacturing. Changing the narrative South African President Cyril Ramaphosa underlined the importance of the hub for difference between salbutamol and ventolin the continent. €œThe ability to manufacture treatments, medicines and other health-related commodities will help put Africa on a path to self-determination”, he said, speaking via video link.

“Through this initiative and others, we will change the narrative difference between salbutamol and ventolin of an Africa that is a centre of disease and poor development. We will create a narrative that celebrates our successes in reducing the burden of disease, in advancing self-reliance, and also advancing sustainable development.” Highs and lows The announcement of the hub, with others in the pipeline, comes as asthma treatment cases worldwide decline for an eighth week in a row, and as deaths have dropped over the past seven weeks, consecutively. While welcoming the good news, Tedros said new s and deaths remain high globally, with more difference between salbutamol and ventolin than 2.5 million cases and 64,000 deaths reported last week. The rate of decline has slowed in most regions, and every region has countries that are witnessing a rapid increase in caseloads and deaths.

In Africa, cases and deaths increased by almost 40 per cent in the past week, while some countries have seen their difference between salbutamol and ventolin numbers tripled or quadrupled. €œWhile a handful of countries have high vaccination rates and are now seeing lower numbers of hospitalisations and deaths, other countries in Africa, the Americas and Asia are now facing steep epidemics”, Tedros said, adding that these cases and deaths are largely avoidable. Several factors are driving increases, including increased spread of ventolin variants of concern, more socializing, ineffective use of public difference between salbutamol and ventolin health and social measures, and treatment inequity. €œThe inequitable access to treatments has demonstrated that in a crisis, low-income countries cannot rely on treatment-producing countries to supply their needs”, he said.

WHO continues to push for greater sharing of knowledge, technology and licenses to boost treatment manufacturing, and for the waiver of related intellectual property rights..

There has been increased stress, anxiety and other can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland mental health issues, while an estimated 365 million primary school students have gone without school meals, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the UN http://www.em-chatenois.ac-strasbourg.fr/Classes/?page_id=221 specialized agency handling education issues, UNESCO. Based on a set of eight global benchmarks, Global Standards for Health-promoting Schools, calls for all classrooms to promote life skills, cognitive and socioemotional skills and healthy lifestyles for learners.  WHO and @UNESCO urge countries to make every school a health-promoting school, following the Global Standards for Health-promoting Schools that aim to ensure all schools promote life skills, cognitive &. Socioemotional skills can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland &.

Healthy lifestyles.https://t.co/qnMB3EprR8— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) June 22, 2021 “These newly launched global standards are designed to create schools that nurture education and health, and that equip students with the knowledge and skills for their future health and well-being, employability and life prospects”, said WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.  Linking schools and health Clear evidence shows that comprehensive health and nutrition programmes in schools, have significant impacts among students.  “Schools play a vital role in the well-being of students, families and their communities, and the link between education and health has never been more evident”, Tedros added. The new standards, which will be piloted in Botswana, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya and Paraguay, contribute to WHO’s target of can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland making one billion people healthier by 2023 and the global Education 2030 Agenda coordinated by UNESCO.  “Education and health are interdependent basic human rights for all, at the core of any human right, and essential to social and economic development”, said UNESCO Director General, Audrey Azouley.  Making the case School health and nutrition interventions in low-income areas where impediments such as parasitic worms or anemia are prevalent, can lead to 2.5 years of additional schooling, according to the UN agencies. Moreover, malaria prevention interventions can result in a 62 per cent reduction in absenteeism.

Nutritious school meals upped enrolment rates by nine can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland per cent, and attendance by eight per cent on average. And free screening and eyeglasses have raised the probability of students passing standardized reading and math tests by five per cent. And promoting handwashing has cut gastrointestinal and respiratory illnesses between 21 and 61 per cent in can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland low income countries, resulting in fewer absentees.

“A school that is not health-promoting is no longer justifiable and acceptable”, said Ms. Azouley.  Promote health in schools Comprehensive sex education encourages healthier behaviour, promotes sexual and reproductive health and rights, and improves outcomes such as a reduction can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland in HIV and adolescent pregnancies, WHO and UNESCO said. A school that is not health-promoting is no longer justifiable and acceptable -- UNESCO chiefBy enhancing water and sanitation (WASH) services and supplies in school, as well as educating on menstrual hygiene, girls can maintain themselves with dignity and may even miss less school while menstruating.

€œI call for all of us to affirm our commitment and role, to make every school a health-promoting school”, underscored can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland the UNESCO chief. Upping the standards The Health Promoting Schools approach was introduced by WHO, UNESCO and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in 1995 and adopted in over 90 countries and territories.  However, only a small number of countries have implemented it at scale, and even fewer have effectively adapted their education systems to include health promotion. The facility will allow manufacturers from developing countries to receive training in how to produce treatments, and the relevant licenses to do so, as part of global efforts to scale-up access to lifesaving treatments. treatment inequity has demonstrated that in a crisis, low-income countries can't rely on treatment-producing countries to supply their needs.Delighted to announce with my brother President @CyrilRamaphosa, that we're can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland in discussions to establish a technology transfer hub in 🇿🇦.

Https://t.co/D8xL6fU5xU pic.twitter.com/ikVNUGVz9h— Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus (@DrTedros) June 21, 2021 The development follows WHO’s call in April for public and private companies to express their interest in creating technology transfer hubs so that low and middle-income countries could meet their urgent need for treatments, amid critical shortages. €˜A key moment’ “Today’s announcement is a great step forward for South Africa, and for why not try this out the can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland world. I hope this will be a key moment for increasing production capacity in Africa for asthma treatments, but also for future treatments”, said WHO chief Tedros Adhamon Ghebreyesus, speaking during his bi-weekly media briefing from Geneva.

Messenger RNA, or mRNA technology, instructs cells to make a protein that generates an immune response in the body, thus can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland producing the antibodies that provide protection against a disease. It is the basis for the Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna asthma treatments being used by governments worldwide, and in the UN-supported COVAX global treatment solidarity initiative. "It’s potentially easier to scale than other treatment technologies and could can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland be faster and easier to adapt to variants of concern", Tedros said.The South African consortium involves a biotech company called Afrigen Biologics and treatments, which will act as the hub by manufacturing mRNA treatments and providing training to another manufacturer called Biovac.

WHO’s role includes establishing the criteria for the technology transfer, assessing applications and developing standards, while the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, will provide guidance through the Partnership for African treatments Manufacturing. Changing the narrative South African President Cyril Ramaphosa underlined can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland the importance of the hub for the continent. €œThe ability to manufacture treatments, medicines and other health-related commodities will help put Africa on a path to self-determination”, he said, speaking via video link.

“Through this initiative and others, we will can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland change the narrative of an Africa that is a centre of disease and poor development. We will create a narrative that celebrates our successes in reducing the burden of disease, in advancing self-reliance, and also advancing sustainable development.” Highs and lows The announcement of the hub, with others in the pipeline, comes as asthma treatment cases worldwide decline for an eighth week in a row, and as deaths have dropped over the past seven weeks, consecutively. While welcoming the good news, Tedros said new s and deaths remain high globally, with more than can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland 2.5 million cases and 64,000 deaths reported last week.

The rate of decline has slowed in most regions, and every region has countries that are witnessing a rapid increase in caseloads and deaths. In Africa, cases and deaths increased by almost 40 per can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland cent in the past week, while some countries have seen their numbers tripled or quadrupled. €œWhile a handful of countries have high vaccination rates and are now seeing lower numbers of hospitalisations and deaths, other countries in Africa, the Americas and Asia are now facing steep epidemics”, Tedros said, adding that these cases and deaths are largely avoidable.

Several factors are driving increases, can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland including increased spread of ventolin variants of concern, more socializing, ineffective use of public health and social measures, and treatment inequity. €œThe inequitable access to treatments has demonstrated that in a crisis, low-income countries cannot rely on treatment-producing countries to supply their needs”, he said. WHO continues to push for greater sharing of knowledge, technology and licenses to boost treatment manufacturing, and for the waiver of related intellectual property rights..

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AdvertisementContinue reading the main where can i buy ventolin nebules online storySupported byContinue reading addicted to ventolin the main storyShould You Resume In-Person Therapy?. Virtual counseling has become the norm during the ventolin. Here’s how to decide whether it’s still working for you.Credit...Olivia addicted to ventolin FieldsSept. 29, 2021Before the ventolin, Haley Walker was going to in-person talk therapy up to four times a week. Then, in March 2021, when she was six months pregnant, she moved across the country and decided to try a addicted to ventolin new therapist online.

But as the months went on, she found it challenging to connect.“I go to therapy to have my heart cracked open, and it’s been way harder for me to do that on video,” said Ms. Walker, 33, a freelance addicted to ventolin communications consultant. €œWhen my therapist’s eyes drift off, I wonder whether she’s on Facebook while I’m talking about my postpartum hemorrhage.”The disconnect made Ms. Walker consider returning to in-person therapy. €œasthma treatment’s essentially narrowed my addicted to ventolin priorities to.

Do I need to leave the house?. Is therapy worth the risk addicted to ventolin with a baby?. I think it is,” she said.In an American Psychological Association survey published in June 2020, just 1 percent of the psychologists polled said they were seeing all of their patients remotely before the ventolin. In a subsequent survey, published later that year in November, 64 percent said they were doing so, and 32 percent said they were offering a mix of in-person addicted to ventolin and remote treatment. (The association said it would not likely have updated figures for 2021 until November.)Experts say that if you’re in need of mental health services, getting them remotely — via technologies like audio or video call — is unquestionably better than getting no therapy at all.

But is teletherapy as good as seeing a therapist in person?. €œIn the literature I’ve seen, the data is pretty clear that you can have just as effective outcomes with telehealth as with in-person therapy,” said Lynn Bufka, a licensed addicted to ventolin psychologist who worked on the A.P.A.’s most recent telepsychology guidelines.A 2019 review of 24 studies, for example, found that in nearly all cases, phone and video therapies were just as effective at treating certain conditions like anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder as in-person therapy. In another review published in February, this time of 27 studies, the authors concluded that compared with in-person services, phone and video therapy were similarly successful in treating trauma, depression and other mental health conditions in veterans.But there are limitations to what we know, said Dr. John C addicted to ventolin. Markowitz, a professor of clinical psychiatry at the Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, and the lead author of a teletherapy report published in the March 2021 issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry.

It’s not clear which type of remote therapy, like addicted to ventolin video versus telephone, is best, for example. And many teletherapy trials enroll patients with less severe symptoms, who are more likely to respond to treatment.And while the data suggest the outcomes of in-person versus remote therapy may be equal, the experience itself is not the same. For instance, teletherapy can be exhausting for providers. €œIf I’m virtual, 50 minutes seems like an eternity,” said Antonieta addicted to ventolin Contreras, a psychotherapist in New York City. (In the March report, Dr.

Markowitz and his colleagues wrote that providers can addicted to ventolin “feel rigidly locked before the camera, tensing different muscles.” They likened a string of back-to-back seated therapy sessions to a long-haul airline flight.)Ms. Contreras said she worries that therapists (like Ms. Walker’s) are addicted to ventolin also more easily distracted when delivering care remotely. €œI had one client who said her therapist was clipping her toenails in session,” she said. This can significantly addicted to ventolin affect the quality of care therapists are able to offer.Patients can get distracted during virtual care, too.

Alex Kattamis, 42, an electrical engineer in New York City who switched from in-person to audio-only telephone therapy when the ventolin began, said that doing teletherapy is “kind of like having a conversation when you’re driving.” You’re half-focused on diversions — in his case, phone alerts and a messy house — and half-focused “on the person you’re talking to.”Though “for some people, distance works better,” Ms. Contreras said. €œI work with a lot of addicted to ventolin men, and they have opened up online much better than in person. It’s like the screen gives them permission to be more transparent.”Lea Adams, 51, a manager with the Army Corps of Engineers in Davis, Calif., recently did family therapy with her brothers to help their mother through a major depressive episode. Ms.

Adams said that meeting remotely not only allowed her middle brother to be more vulnerable, it made therapy possible in the first place.“We had six people in very diverse locations with time restraints,” she said. €œTo commute would have added an hour to an already hourlong session. With video, I finished work at 4:55 and was on our Zoom call at 5.”“Virtual therapy has some real strengths — principally access,” Dr. Markowitz said. It’s lowered the barrier to entry for people with schedules that wouldn’t allow for commuting to a therapist’s office or who live in an area with a therapist shortage.

(As of this month, 22 states allow psychologists to practice across state lines.)How to decide which format is right for youHaving the option to choose between remote and in-person therapy is, of course, a privilege, since not everyone has access to the same resources. But if your therapist is offering in-person appointments and you’re considering a switch, here are some questions to ask yourself.What’s your comfort level with asthma treatment risk?. If you, your therapist or a family member are at high risk of complications from contracting asthma treatment, virtual is almost certainly your best bet, Dr. Bufka said.“Obviously a big factor is whether you’re vaccinated or not, because if you’re not, the risk of going in person is greater for yourself and the therapist,” said David Mohr, a professor at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine. You should also check if your therapist is vaccinated.

Beyond that, Dr. Mohr said, it’s all about your comfort level. €œIf it’s extremely anxiety-producing to meet in person, it may not be productive.”Is your provider taking precautions?. The A.P.A. Has recommended that providers take certain steps to reduce the spread of the asthma, including spacing out appointments, increasing ventilation, encouraging physical distancing and enforcing masking for everyone.Don’t be afraid to ask your therapist about the measures they have in place, said Camilo Ortiz, a clinical psychologist and a professor at Long Island University Post in New York.

€œI would personally never be offended if someone asked me a whole lot of questions,” he added.Who and what is being treated?. Certain conditions may actually benefit from being treated remotely. Patients with autism, for example, may feel that virtual therapy gives them more control over their environment, Dr. Bufka said. Virtual sessions may also be better for exposure therapy, a psychological treatment that helps patients with conditions like obsessive-compulsive disorder or anxiety confront their fears.

Instead of assigning exposure as homework, a therapist can observe it happening in real time. And teletherapy can be a good bridge to in-person sessions for people with severe anxiety or agoraphobia, or who are prone to panic attacks.On the other hand, people with symptoms like paranoia may do better with in-person therapy because it allows for more nonverbal communication, which can help them manage any suspicion they might feel toward their therapist. Hoarders who are ashamed of their home may also feel uncomfortable doing video therapy. And when it comes to treating kids, face-to-face is usually better too, Dr. Ortiz said.

In his experience, children tend to look at some other part of the screen or slowly tilt their camera up until it’s facing the ceiling when he’s meeting with them virtually. €œI see a lot of kids with attentional problems, and this is the worst possible way to do therapy,” he said.Do you have privacy?. If you don’t live alone, can you close yourself in a bedroom or bathroom?. Can you drown out your conversation with white noise?. €œIf people can overhear you or there are a lot of distracting sounds, that may decrease your ability to engage,” Dr.

Mohr said. €œA lot of times when people are distressed, the source of the distress can be the people that they live with. If you’re married or have a partner or have difficulty with your kids, are you able to talk without being overheard?. The how to get ventolin online ability to have privacy in the home is really critical.”Are you feeling connected to your therapist?. This is an important one, Dr.

Ortiz said, so if not, start by ensuring you’re making the most of the medium. Silence all phone and computer notifications, and close out of any unnecessary applications on the device you’re using for therapy, he advised. If you’re using a computer, sit far enough away from it so that you’re not tempted to check social media or catch up on the news, and put your phone in another room. If your own image on a video call is distracting you, hide it.Still dissatisfied?. Consider doing at least a few in-person sessions, especially if you’re struggling to build rapport with your therapist or if there’s been a rupture in your bond.

In fact, Dr. Ortiz recommends scheduling in-person sessions once every month or two, even if virtual is going well. €œIt’s not always an either/or,” Dr. Mohr said. €œA lot of times the question may not be one or the other, but how remote versus in-person is mixed.”Juno DeMelo is a journalist, essayist and editor in Portland, Ore.AdvertisementContinue reading the main storyAdvertisementContinue reading the main storySupported byContinue reading the main storyHow My Desire to Run Again Pushed Me to WalkAfter recovering from a traumatic brain injury, a writer seeks to reclaim the mental transcendence that comes from running.Credit...Ping ZhuSept.

30, 2021Updated 5:48 p.m. ETI only began to understand why I was so stubbornly devoted to running when I couldn’t do it anymore. That’s where I was when I woke up in an emergency room on the morning of April 6, 2020, with a traumatic brain injury sustained during a dumb middle-of-the-night fall.The last thing I remember I’d gone downstairs to the kitchen at 4 a.m. To get a snack. My husband heard a crash and found me unconscious, blood pooling from a large gash at the back of my head.

When I woke up six hours later in an E.R., my left side was a bit weak, but more important, my muscles on that side couldn’t properly coordinate basic movements.At first, my steps were jerky and off balance, like those of a marionette. A tentative snails-pace walk was doable, but the faster I moved the more awkward my gait became. Running was, literally, a non-starter.In the two days before the accident — a weekend — I had run 4 miles around Washington’s famous Mall, because, well, I was angry and frustrated and didn’t know what else to do. My mother was dying of asthma treatment in a locked-down elder care community in New York, and a former colleague who was about my age had just died of the disease. My son and his roommates in Brooklyn also had asthma treatment.

I couldn’t see friends or shop without fear, and I was learning to direct a 60-person newsroom covering the Administration’s tepid response to an evolving ventolin remotely and from my bedroom.But running on the Mall that day, the sky was a glorious blue and the marble of the Washington Monument and the Capitol glistened. Lockdowns meant there were no tourist mobs. The cherry blossoms, in full bloom, didn’t care that the world was being ravaged by disease and hatred. And in their presence — for 40-minutes — neither did I.At 63, I’d ignored decades of advice from doctors that I should give up running and find a more suitable hobby. That was in part because during a brief career as a college soccer player, I’d had most of the cartilage in my right knee surgically removed after a small tear, leaving me (in theory) at high risk of degenerative arthritis.

(At the time, orthopedists considered the medial meniscus a vestigial organ, like an appendix. So once it was damaged, they just whipped it out.)Over the years, I had tried and rejected multiple exercise alternatives — yoga, Pilates, spinning, biking, Zumba, barre, elliptical. But I was as stubborn as a smoker who keeps puffing despite the risk of lung cancer. Running — through marriages, raising kids, job changes, life on three continents — had remained the one constant in my life. Though I never had the slightest desire for a coach or to do sprints to improve my form or get faster.

I have only ever signed up for two races, and both were just to accompany friends. Competition and speed were not my thing.When friends asked me why I kept running against medical advice I easily ticked off practical reasons. I needed exercise. It was a great way to get a sense of the cities I visited as a reporter. With a busy job and two kids, time was precious and hours unpredictable.

I could run whenever I found a window. When I ran with my girlfriends it was a great way to gossip and catch up, while exercising and being outdoors for a bit each day. (Three birds with one stone — you can’t say that about a spinning class, right?. )But my accident, and not being able to run these last 18 months of ventolin, helped me appreciate the deeper reasons behind my stubborn devotion, which it turns out are more spiritual than pragmatic.I run because during that one brief interval, in a hectic world filled with responsibilities and worries, running turns off my thinking brain and allows it to roam free and float in the moment. When I run alone, as I mostly do (or did, and hope to again), I prefer to run the same route, because that way I’m familiar with every random tree root, metal grate and trail segment prone to mud or puddles, so I don’t have to think about being careful.

At what pace?. No idea and it doesn’t matter.In that mental state, I absorb the world I too often forget — whether the beauty of the Capitol and the majesty of the Hudson River, or the smaller things, like the tinkling of the tacky carousel in front of the Smithsonian. And problems are solved seemingly out-of-the blue. The perfect sentence to start an article I’ve been struggling with. A birthday gift for a friend who has everything.

How to resolve a sibling conflict. When I finish the three to four miles, I feel physically tired but emotionally energized — excited about plans now waiting to be activated.The need to recapture that emotional sustenance running provides is what’s motivated me through months of tedious physical therapy and rehab.Physical rehab from a head injury is the opposite of running’s mental freedom. You have to think every single time you plant your foot to walk and consciously strategize how to avoid a small root or rock on a sidewalk. Turn your head to observe the scenery, and it throws you off-balance.You concentrate on each muscle group so that it learns to move properly again. It involves tens of thousands of repetitions to teach your brain a simple movement, and there are hundreds of muscles that need to relearn their proper roles.

Even a walk along the beach isn’t freeing — it involves hard work and concentration. Heel strike first, then roll to the ball of the foot. Pay attention to hip muscles and adjust to stabilize for the tilt of the sand and the tiny push of an arriving wavelet.The good news is that the brain is miraculously pliable, often able to rewire its damaged circuits through intensive training — an ability called “neuroplasticity.” The bad news is that it’s a slow learner, nerves grow at 1 millimeter a day, and the brain takes time to search for workarounds to those circuits irreparably damaged. So healing can take years. My progress is slow but palpable, and I can’t know when or if it will stop.Today, with care, I can walk (if a tiny bit awkwardly) at a normal speed.

I can swim, drive and cook dinner. I can navigate stairs without clutching the banister. Most patients my age might be content. Not me. Being able to run again is my Mt.

Everest. (And to all the doctors who’ve discouraged my running. Studies in the last decade have shown that running may actually be beneficial to knees, maybe even preventing degenerative arthritis.)This month, after 18 months of endless physical therapy in hospitals, pools and gyms, I took my first little jogging steps on land, running small circles at a rest stop on the New Jersey Turnpike while waiting for our car to charge. How fast?. Not much faster than walking.

But for me — and I suspect for most older Americans who cling to what is often regarded as an age-inappropriate habit — that was never the point anyway.AdvertisementContinue reading the main story.

AdvertisementContinue reading the main storySupported can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland byContinue reading the main ventolin tablet online storyShould You Resume In-Person Therapy?. Virtual counseling has become the norm during the ventolin. Here’s how to decide can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland whether it’s still working for you.Credit...Olivia FieldsSept. 29, 2021Before the ventolin, Haley Walker was going to in-person talk therapy up to four times a week. Then, in March 2021, when she was six months pregnant, she moved across the country and decided to try a can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland new therapist online.

But as the months went on, she found it challenging to connect.“I go to therapy to have my heart cracked open, and it’s been way harder for me to do that on video,” said Ms. Walker, 33, a freelance communications can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland consultant. €œWhen my therapist’s eyes drift off, I wonder whether she’s on Facebook while I’m talking about my postpartum hemorrhage.”The disconnect made Ms. Walker consider returning to in-person therapy. €œasthma treatment’s essentially can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland narrowed my priorities to.

Do I need to leave the house?. Is therapy worth the risk can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland with a baby?. I think it is,” she said.In an American Psychological Association survey published in June 2020, just 1 percent of the psychologists polled said they were seeing all of their patients remotely before the ventolin. In a subsequent survey, published later that year in November, 64 percent said they were doing so, and 32 percent said they were offering a mix of can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland in-person and remote treatment. (The association said it would not likely have updated figures for 2021 until November.)Experts say that if you’re in need of mental health services, getting them remotely — via technologies like audio or video call — is unquestionably better than getting no therapy at all.

But is teletherapy as good as seeing a therapist in person?. €œIn the literature I’ve seen, can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland the data is pretty clear that you can have just as effective outcomes with telehealth as with in-person therapy,” said Lynn Bufka, a licensed psychologist who worked on the A.P.A.’s most recent telepsychology guidelines.A 2019 review of 24 studies, for example, found that in nearly all cases, phone and video therapies were just as effective at treating certain conditions like anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder as in-person therapy. In another review published in February, this time of 27 studies, the authors concluded that compared with in-person services, phone and video therapy were similarly successful in treating trauma, depression and other mental health conditions in veterans.But there are limitations to what we know, said Dr. John C can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland. Markowitz, a professor of clinical psychiatry at the Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, and the lead author of a teletherapy report published in the March 2021 issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry.

It’s not clear which type of can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland remote therapy, like video versus telephone, is best, for example. And many teletherapy trials enroll patients with less severe symptoms, who are more likely to respond to treatment.And while the data suggest the outcomes of in-person versus remote therapy may be equal, the experience itself is not the same. For instance, teletherapy can be exhausting for providers. €œIf I’m virtual, 50 minutes seems can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland like an eternity,” said Antonieta Contreras, a psychotherapist in New York City. (In the March report, Dr.

Markowitz and can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland his colleagues wrote that providers can “feel rigidly locked before the camera, tensing different muscles.” They likened a string of back-to-back seated therapy sessions to a long-haul airline flight.)Ms. Contreras said she worries that therapists (like Ms. Walker’s) are also more easily distracted when delivering care remotely can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland. €œI had one client who said her therapist was clipping her toenails in session,” she said. This can significantly affect the quality can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland of care therapists are able to offer.Patients can get distracted during virtual care, too.

Alex Kattamis, 42, an electrical engineer in New York City who switched from in-person to audio-only telephone therapy when the ventolin began, said that doing teletherapy is “kind of like having a conversation when you’re driving.” You’re half-focused on diversions — in his case, phone alerts and a messy house — and half-focused “on the person you’re talking to.”Though “for some people, distance works better,” Ms. Contreras said. €œI work with a lot of men, can i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland and they have opened up online much better than in person. It’s like the screen gives them permission to be more transparent.”Lea Adams, 51, a manager with the Army Corps of Engineers in Davis, Calif., recently did family therapy with her brothers to help their mother through a major depressive episode. Ms.

Adams said that meeting remotely not only allowed her middle brother to be more vulnerable, it made therapy possible in the first place.“We had six people in very diverse locations with time restraints,” she said. €œTo commute would have added an hour to an already hourlong session. With video, I finished work at 4:55 and was on our Zoom call at 5.”“Virtual therapy has some real strengths — principally access,” Dr. Markowitz said. It’s lowered the barrier to entry for people with schedules that wouldn’t allow for commuting to a therapist’s office or who live in an area with a therapist shortage.

(As of this month, 22 states allow psychologists to practice across state lines.)How to decide which format is right for youHaving the option to choose between remote and in-person therapy is, of course, a privilege, since not everyone has access to the same resources. But if your therapist is offering in-person appointments and you’re considering a switch, here are some questions to ask yourself.What’s your comfort level with asthma treatment risk?. If you, your therapist or a family member are at high risk of complications from contracting asthma treatment, virtual is almost certainly your best bet, Dr. Bufka said.“Obviously a big factor is whether you’re vaccinated or not, because if you’re not, the risk of going in person is greater for yourself and the therapist,” said David Mohr, a professor at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine. You should also check if your therapist is vaccinated.

Beyond that, Dr. Mohr said, it’s all about your comfort level. €œIf it’s extremely anxiety-producing to meet in person, it may not be productive.”Is your provider taking precautions?. The A.P.A. Has recommended that providers take certain steps to reduce the spread of the asthma, including spacing out appointments, increasing ventilation, encouraging physical distancing and enforcing masking for everyone.Don’t be afraid to ask your therapist about the measures they have in place, said Camilo Ortiz, a clinical psychologist and a professor at Long Island University Post in New York.

€œI would personally never be offended if someone asked me a whole lot of questions,” he added.Who and what is being treated?. Certain conditions may actually benefit from being treated remotely. Patients with autism, for example, may feel that virtual therapy gives them more control over their environment, Dr. Bufka said. Virtual sessions may also be better for exposure therapy, a psychological treatment that helps patients with conditions like obsessive-compulsive disorder or anxiety confront their fears.

Instead of assigning exposure as homework, a therapist can observe it happening in real time. And teletherapy can be a good bridge to in-person sessions for people with severe anxiety or agoraphobia, or who are prone to panic attacks.On the other hand, people with symptoms like paranoia may do better with in-person therapy because it allows for more nonverbal communication, which can help them manage any suspicion they might feel toward their therapist. Hoarders who are ashamed of their home may also feel uncomfortable doing video therapy. And when it comes to treating kids, face-to-face is usually better too, Dr. Ortiz said.

In his experience, children tend to look at some other part of the screen or slowly tilt their camera up until it’s facing the ceiling when he’s meeting with them virtually. €œI see a lot of kids with attentional problems, and this is the worst possible way to do therapy,” he said.Do you have privacy?. If you don’t live alone, can you close yourself in a bedroom or bathroom?. Can you drown out your conversation with white noise?. €œIf people can overhear you or there are a lot of distracting sounds, that may decrease your ability to engage,” Dr.

Mohr said. €œA lot of times when people are distressed, the source of the distress can be the people that they live with. If you’re married or have a partner or have difficulty with your kids, are you able to talk without being overheard?. The ability to have privacy in the home is really critical.”Are you feeling connected to your therapist?. This is an important one, Dr.

Ortiz said, so if not, start by ensuring you’re making the most of the medium. Silence all phone and computer notifications, and close out of any unnecessary applications on the device you’re using for therapy, he advised. If you’re using a computer, sit far enough away from it so that you’re not tempted to check social media or catch up on the news, and put your phone in another room. If your own image on a video call is distracting you, hide it.Still dissatisfied?. Consider doing at least a few in-person sessions, especially if you’re struggling to build rapport with your therapist or if there’s been a rupture in your bond.

In fact, Dr. Ortiz recommends scheduling in-person sessions once every month or two, even if virtual is going well. €œIt’s not always an either/or,” Dr. Mohr said. €œA lot of times the question may not be one or the other, but how remote versus in-person is mixed.”Juno DeMelo is a journalist, essayist and editor in Portland, Ore.AdvertisementContinue reading the main storyAdvertisementContinue reading the main storySupported byContinue reading the main storyHow My Desire to Run Again Pushed Me to WalkAfter recovering from a traumatic brain injury, a writer seeks to reclaim the mental transcendence that comes from running.Credit...Ping ZhuSept.

30, 2021Updated 5:48 p.m. ETI only began to understand why I was so stubbornly devoted to running when I couldn’t do it anymore. That’s where I was when I woke up in an emergency room on the morning of April 6, 2020, with a traumatic brain injury sustained during a dumb middle-of-the-night fall.The last thing I remember I’d gone downstairs to the kitchen at 4 a.m. To get a snack. My husband heard a crash and found me unconscious, blood pooling from a large gash at the back of my head.

When I woke up six hours later in an E.R., my left side was a bit weak, but more important, my muscles on that side couldn’t properly coordinate basic movements.At first, my steps were jerky and off balance, like those of a marionette. A tentative snails-pace walk was doable, but the faster I moved the more awkward my gait became. Running was, literally, a non-starter.In the two days before the accident — a weekend — I had run 4 miles around Washington’s famous Mall, because, well, I was angry and frustrated and didn’t know what else to do. My mother was dying of asthma treatment in a locked-down elder care community in New York, and a former colleague who was about my age had just died of the disease. My son and his roommates in Brooklyn also had asthma treatment.

I couldn’t see friends or shop without fear, and I was learning to direct a 60-person newsroom covering the Administration’s tepid response to an evolving ventolin remotely and from my bedroom.But running on the Mall that day, the sky was a glorious blue and the marble of the Washington Monument and the Capitol glistened. Lockdowns meant there were no tourist mobs. The cherry blossoms, in full bloom, didn’t care that the world was being ravaged by disease and hatred. And in their presence — for 40-minutes — neither did I.At 63, I’d ignored decades of advice from doctors that I should give up running and find a more suitable hobby. That was in part because during a brief career as a college soccer player, I’d had most of the cartilage in my right knee surgically removed after a small tear, leaving me (in theory) at high risk of degenerative arthritis.

(At the time, orthopedists considered the medial meniscus a vestigial organ, like an appendix. So once it was damaged, they just whipped it out.)Over the years, I had tried and rejected multiple exercise alternatives — yoga, Pilates, spinning, biking, Zumba, barre, elliptical. But I was as stubborn as a smoker who keeps puffing despite the risk of lung cancer. Running — through marriages, raising kids, job changes, life on three continents — had remained the one constant in my life. Though I never had the slightest desire for a coach or to do sprints to improve my form or get faster.

I have only ever signed up for two races, and both were just to accompany friends. Competition and speed were not my thing.When friends asked me why I kept running against medical advice I easily ticked off practical reasons. I needed exercise. It was a great way to get a sense of the cities I visited as a reporter. With a busy job and two kids, time was precious and hours unpredictable.

I could run whenever I found a window. When I ran with my girlfriends it was a great way to gossip and catch up, while exercising and being outdoors for a bit each day. (Three birds with one stone — you can’t say that about a spinning class, right?. )But my accident, and not being able to run these last 18 months of ventolin, helped me appreciate the deeper reasons behind my stubborn devotion, which it turns out are more spiritual than pragmatic.I run because during that one brief interval, in a hectic world filled with responsibilities and worries, running turns off my thinking brain and allows it to roam free and float in the moment. When I run alone, as I mostly do (or did, and hope to again), I prefer to run the same route, because that way I’m familiar with every random tree root, metal grate and trail segment prone to mud or puddles, so I don’t have to think about being careful.

At what pace?. No idea and it doesn’t matter.In that mental state, I absorb the world I too often forget — whether the beauty of the Capitol and the majesty of the Hudson River, or the smaller things, like the tinkling of the tacky carousel in front of the Smithsonian. And problems are solved seemingly out-of-the blue. The perfect sentence to start an article I’ve been struggling with. A birthday gift for a friend who has everything.

How to resolve a sibling conflict. When I finish the three to four miles, I feel physically tired but emotionally energized — excited about plans now waiting to be activated.The need to recapture that emotional sustenance running provides is what’s motivated me through months of tedious physical therapy and rehab.Physical rehab from a head injury is the opposite of running’s mental freedom. You have to think every single time you plant your foot to walk and consciously strategize how to avoid a small root or rock on a sidewalk. Turn your head to observe the scenery, and it throws you off-balance.You concentrate on each muscle group so that it learns to move properly again. It involves tens of thousands of repetitions to teach your brain a simple movement, and there are hundreds of muscles that need to relearn their proper roles.

Even a walk along the beach isn’t freeing — it involves hard work and concentration. Heel strike first, then roll to the ball of the foot. Pay attention to hip muscles and adjust to stabilize for the tilt of the sand and the tiny push of an arriving wavelet.The good news is that the brain is miraculously pliable, often able to rewire its damaged circuits through intensive training — an ability called “neuroplasticity.” The bad news is that it’s a slow learner, nerves grow at 1 millimeter a day, and the brain takes time to search for workarounds to those circuits irreparably damaged. So healing can take years. My progress is slow but palpable, and I can’t know when or if it will stop.Today, with care, I can walk (if a tiny bit awkwardly) at a normal speed.

I can swim, drive and cook dinner. I can navigate stairs without clutching the banister. Most patients my age might be content. Not me. Being able to run again is my Mt.

Everest. (And to all the doctors who’ve discouraged my running. Studies in the last decade have shown that running may actually be beneficial to knees, maybe even preventing degenerative arthritis.)This month, after 18 months of endless physical therapy in hospitals, pools and gyms, I took my first little jogging steps on land, running small circles at a rest stop on the New Jersey Turnpike while waiting for our car to charge. How fast?. Not much faster than walking.

But for me — and I suspect for most older Americans who cling to what is often regarded as an age-inappropriate habit — that was never the point anyway.AdvertisementContinue reading the main story.